The difference between wool and cashmere

- Jul 23, 2018-

The wool from the sheep is called the wool. The sheep wool is called the wool in the industry. Even the wool of the sheep is very fine, we call it wool, not the wool, but of course, it can also call the fine branch wool.

只有出自山羊身上的绒才叫羊绒,也就是山羊绒,开司米(Cashmere)。羊绒是生长在山羊外表皮层,掩在山羊粗毛根部的一层薄薄的细绒,入冬寒冷时长出,抵御风寒,开春转暖后脱落,自然适应气候,属于稀有的特种动物纤维。

Only the cashmere from goat is called cashmere, that is, cashmere, Cashmere. Cashmere is a thin layer of thin velvet, which is grown in the skin of the goat's outer cortex, and is covered in the root of the goat. It grows out in the cold winter, resists wind and cold, and falls off after the spring is warm, and is naturally adapted to the climate and is a rare special animal fiber.

1. 羊毛的鳞片排列比羊绒紧密且厚,其缩绒性比羊绒大。羊绒纤维外表鳞片小而光滑,纤维中间有一空气层,因而其重量轻,手感滑糯。

1. the scale of wool is more compact and thicker than cashmere, and its fleece is larger than cashmere. Cashmere fiber is small and smooth in appearance, and there is an air layer in the middle of the fabric, so its weight is light and its handle is slippery and glutinous.

2.羊毛的卷曲度比羊绒的卷曲度小,羊绒纤维卷曲数、卷曲率、卷曲回复率均较大,宜于加工为手感丰满、柔软、弹性好的针织品,穿起来舒适自然,而且有良好的还原特性,尤其表现在洗涤后不缩水,保型性好等方面。由于羊绒自然卷曲度高,在纺纱织造中排列紧密,抱合力好,所以保暖性好,是羊毛的1.5倍~2倍。

2. the crimp degree of wool is smaller than that of cashmere. The curl number, crimp rate and curl recovery rate of cashmere fiber are great, and it is suitable to be processed into full, soft and flexible knitwear, which is comfortable and natural, and has good reduction characteristics, especially in the aspects of not shrinking and keeping the shape after washing. Because cashmere has high natural curl and is tightly arranged in spinning and weaving, and has good cohesion, it has good heat retention, 1.5 times to 2 times that of wool.

3.羊绒的皮质含量比羊毛的高,羊绒纤维的刚性比羊毛的好,即羊绒比羊毛更柔软。

3. the content of cashmere is higher than that of wool. Cashmere fiber is more rigid than wool, that is, cashmere is softer than wool.

4.羊绒的细度不匀率比羊毛的小,其制品的外观质量比羊毛好。

4. the fineness of cashmere is smaller than that of wool. The appearance quality of cashmere is better than wool.

5.羊绒纤维细度均匀,其密度比羊毛的小,横截面多为规则的圆形,其制品比羊毛制品轻薄。

5. cashmere fiber has a uniform fineness, its density is smaller than that of wool, its cross section is regular round, and its products are lighter than wool products.

6.羊绒的吸湿性比羊毛好,可充分吸收染料,不易褪色。 回潮率高,电阻值比较大。

6. the moisture absorption of cashmere is better than wool, which can absorb dye sufficiently and is not easy to fade. The moisture regain is high and the resistance value is larger.

7.羊毛的耐酸、耐碱性比羊绒好,遇氧化剂和还原剂时亦比羊绒损伤小。

7. the acid and alkali resistance of wool is better than cashmere, and it is smaller than cashmere when oxidant and reducing agent are applied.

8.通常羊毛制品的抗起球性比羊绒制品好,但毡化收缩性大。

8. generally, wool products have better anti ball performance than cashmere products, but their felting shrinkage is large.